The Safety Investigation Authority operates in connection with the Ministry of Justice. The Authority carries out its functions independently and impartially. The Executive Director of the Safety Investigation Authority is responsible for its operation and ability to function.
There are 16 permanent positions at the Safety Investigation Authority. The activities are divided into five investigative branches: aviation, rail traffic, maritime traffic, other accidents, and exceptional events. A Chief Investigator has been appointed for each investigative branch. They are responsible for the investigation of accidents and incidents in their respective fields together with the Safety Investigators.
In addition, the Safety Investigation Authority can use the services of experts in the investigation for an hourly payment. The Safety Investigation Authority provides investigation training for its experts. They are appointed individually for specific tasks, such as a member of the investigative board.